Smoking Damages Blood Cells

Majid Ali, M.D.

Blood Cells Before and After Cigarette Smoking


Students are invited to use the photographs of blood smears presented below to prepare school science projects after discussing it with their teachers.

Ali M, Ali O. AA Oxidopathy:
the core pathogenetic mechanism of ischemic heart disease.
J Integrative Medicine 1997;1:1-112.

Smoking and AA Oxidopathy

Figure 21 (top) before smoking and Figure 22 (bottom) after smoking show changes of AA oxidopathy observed in a volunteer who abstained from smoking overnight and then smoked three cigarettes in three minutes.


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